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Backhoe Loader​



Maximum Dig Depth
4.24 m
Shovel Capacity
1.2 m³
Maximum Loader Capacity
6.53 m³
Maximum Engine Power

Share the 3CX ECO

The JCB 3CX is the world’s number one backhoe loader (along with the JCB 4CX). The 3CX is a product of JCB’s Efficient Design philosophy, responding to rising fuel prices and environmental concerns with class-leading efficiency and low running costs.

In typical roading, loading, excavating and idle cycles, this backhoe loader, equipped with a powerful 63 kW DIESELMAX engine, actually delivers an average fuel saving of up to 16%, plus lower emissions and noise levels. And, with extended tank range, you benefit from a longer, more productive working day.

  • World’s most efficient backhoe across typical duty cycles
  • Powered by JCB’s renowned DIESELMAX engines
  • Integrated quickhitch with forks – best-in-class visibility and lift capacity
  • Best-in-class backhoe output – more material moved per hour
  • Efficient 3-pump hydraulic system
  • Redesigned cab

JCB 3CX Eco axles and transmission are designed to withstand a 12,000-hour design life; heavyweight axles are built to withstand serious shock loads. The rear axle alone has a static load rating of 25,000 kg, and a dynamic load rating of 12,500 kg.

We use stress-relieved fabrication for the 3CX’s boom – by heating materials to over 650˚C for over 16 hours, we make sure the metal is evenly heated, doubling boom life. The robot welded single-piece chassis on the 3CX maximises strength and minimises weight.

The 3CX Eco has been tested all around the world in every conceivable application. Pre-production testing included 100,000 loading cycles, 500,000 excavating cycles, 360,000 gearchange cycles, extensive bump track testing, and thousands of hours of endurance testing.

We also carried out 600 performance checks on the production line, as well as extensive EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) testing on the 3CX; the latter ensures that signals from mobile phones and radios don’t affect the machine in any way.

Our construction materials are tested to the limit by exposing them to extreme temperatures, chemicals, salt, oil and light. That way, we know they’ll survive the most hostile conditions.

For rigidity and hose protection, there are flat plate D-pressing loader arms on the JCB 3CX. Hydraulic hoses are approved to work down to -40°C.

The JCB 3CX is designed to enable fatigue-free, productive day-long working. The best-in-class cab is rubber-mounted and isolated for low noise and vibration. Ergonomics are inspired by the automotive industry for familiarity.

A heated air suspension seat, air con, cool box, and a hot beverage machine are just some of the quality features you’ll find in the cab of this JCB backhoe loader.

For fingertip control, great comfort and excellent manoeuvrability on this backhoe loader, we provide ergonomic seat-mounted excavator-style controls and a choice of three patterns (JCB X, SAE+ and ISO+). Optional excavator-style backhoe and loader servo controls are also available.

Inside this JCB backhoe loader, controls feature an LCD panel detailing machine hours, service information fuel level and system warnings.

A 360° view through tinted windows aids comfort, productivity and safety. In particular, our innovative scoop design one-piece rear windscreen allows JCB 3CX backhoe operators to see right into the trench when excavating.

Our EcoLoad package gives your JCB backhoe loader more tractive effort, faster cycle times, excellent pushing power and hill climbing performance. In challenging conditions, LSD (limited slip differential) axles automatically kick in to provide additional traction.

The 3CX’s 4-ram self-levelling loader automatically adjusts the shovel on both the raise and lower cycle without any need for manual adjustment. It also provides unhindered front shovel visibility, especially when loading at height.

JCB’s new hydraulic quickhitch makes attachment changing on the 3CX quick, safe and compliant with current and future legislation.

At the digging ends of the JCB 3CX backhoe loader, our return to dig feature automatically resets the shovel into the digging position, and selectable transmission disconnect diverts maximum hydraulic power from the engine to the loader arms.

Powerslide hydraulically sideshifts the 3CX Eco backhoe for less effort and reduced site damage.

The 3CX Eco’s optional 6-speed autoshift transmission with floor-mounted kickdown provides greater pushing power.

JCB backhoe loaders have always had class-leading braking performance but the 3CX Eco takes this even further. Modelled on car brakes, our power brakes utilise the existing hydraulic supply, reducing operator costs and daily service checks.

Braking on this backhoe loader is proportional throughout the pedal travel for superb control; the pedal position has been ergonomically lowered; and full floating discs reduce drag, improve fuel economy and increase road speed.

LiveLink telematics can provide accurate up-to-date machine health information on your 3CX. The system can also maximise uptime by making it easy to service your machines at the most efficient times possible.

Daily checks are easy to carry out at ground level, and all servicing is quick and efficient to perform for a JCB backhoe operator.

Getting into a JCB 3CX Eco backhoe loader is easy and safe – there are large grab handles, a wide door opening,and open grid design steps that prevent dirt build-up.

Getting into a JCB 3CX Eco is easy and safe – there are large grab handles, a wide door opening, and open grid design steps that prevent dirt build-up.
Our new unique integral shovel street pads option prevents ground damage from your 3CX and, therefore, costly repairs.
Power brakes allow efficient, safe stopping power with low pedal effort.
New rear light guards provide extra protection for your 3CX backhoe on site.
You can keep a close eye on your 3CX Eco with JCB’s LiveLink telematics system; this protects your business from unauthorised usage and vehicle thefts.

JCB 3CX backhoe loader engines are tried and tested; we’ve built 200,000 DIESELMAX units since 2004, and fitted them to a variety of machines across different applications and environments.

An optional limited slip differential gives a JCB 3CX Eco superior traction and performance, as well as reduced tyre wear.

The 3CX JCB backhoe loader has optional EcoRoad. Paired with JCB’s patented TorqueLock technology (the first lock-up torque converter fitted to a backhoe loader), it reduces fuel consumption (up to 25%), and increases working area (up to 10%).

EcoDig is a standard-fit three-pump hydraulic system that provides high hydraulic flow and pressure at low engine speeds for improved fuel economy (by up to 15%), reduced carbon emissions and lower engine wear.

JCB’s 63kW DIESELMAX motor produces its power and torque at low engine speeds; by operating your backhoe at lower revs, engine carbon emissions are reduced by up to 15%. Engine wear is also reduced, while refuelling intervals are increased.

JCB’s Hydraulic Speed Control (HSC) automatically disconnects the first hydraulic pump when in fourth gear. This reduces fuel consumption on the 3CX Eco backhoe loader still further.



Shovel Capacity
Maximun Loader Capacity
Maximum Engine Power
Maximum Dig Depth

Learn More


Shovel Capacity
Maximun Loader Capacity
Maximum Engine Power
Maximum Dig Depth

Learn More


Shovel Capacity
Maximun Loader Capacity
Maximum Engine Power
Maximum Dig Depth

Learn More